Yuan Hongbing (袁红冰; 1952 – ) is an ethnic Mongolian jurist, novelist, and Chinese dissident.
Born in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, Yuan Hongbing, who known as a prominent Chinese dissident, novelist, philosopher, and liberalism jurist later, spent his childhood with his parents who worked at the Inner Mongolia Daily.
During the Cultural Revolution, Yuan had to give up on schooling to become an educated youth in the countryside. In 1972, he became a factory worker in a local chemical factory. During that time, he organized the factory workers to engage in political campaigns on many occasions until he sat for the entrance examination and was enrolled at Beijing University to study law. He graduated from Beijing University with a master’s degree in criminal procedure in 1986 and went on to head the School of Criminal Procedural law at Beijing University.
In the 4 June Incident at Tiananmen Square in 1989, Yuan created and organized The Beijing University Faculty Support Association, a political organization in support of the student movement dubbed “illegal” by the Chinese Communist regime, and was persecuted as a result.
In 1990 Yuan published Winds on the Plain (simplified Chinese: 荒原风; traditional Chinese: 荒原風; pinyin: huāngyuán fēng), a book which gained a considerable following among university students. In it Yuan propounds what he calls “new heroicism” (Chinese: 新英雄主义; pinyin: xīn yīngxióngzhǔyì) with a cause that is primarily concerned with the “fate of the Chinese race.”
Yuan Hongbing has also been active as a labour organiser. He was involved with Charter 08, a “Peace Charter” reportedly modelled on the Czechoslovak Charter 77. He also set up free Labor Union organization – the League for the Protection of Working People of the People’s Republic of China, a liberal labor union not permitted by the Communist Party of China. In 1994, he was detained by government authorities and forced to leave Beijing, becoming one of China’s most prominent public dissidents. The US Department of State had mentioned his case in the China part of its Human Rights Report in 1994 and 1995. Yuan went into exile in the remote province of Guizhou from 1994, and became the Dean of the law school at Guizhou Normal University while under custody.
In 2004 he and his assistant, Zhao Jing, travelled to Australia, and on 28 July, they sought political asylum. In June 2005 he accused the Chinese government of attempting to turn Australia into a “political colony”.
In 2009, Yuan Hongbing published his book Taiwan Disaster (Chinese: 台灣大劫難：2012不戰而勝台灣), a highly critical account of contemporary Taiwanese society and politics and detailed his views on the role of the CCP in pursuing unification in Taiwan.
In 2011, he declared that Hu Jintao had masterminded the death of the 10th Panchen Lama.
In October 2013, Yuan Hongbing released his new book Assassination of the Buddha–the Truth of the Death of His Holiness the 10th Panchen Lama (Chinese:殺佛——十世班禪大師蒙難真相) in Taipei . The book, written by Yuan Hongbing and Namloyak Dhungser, a bilingual (Tibetan and Chinese) poet and an independent researcher of Tibetology, unveils the conspiracy of the century, the assassination by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) of Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama. Based on historical facts, the book disclosed Deng Xiaoping and other oligarchic group of the founding members of the CCP made the decision to assassinate the 10th Panchen Lama, and under the presiding of Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao, Meng Hongweiand Hu Chunhua, Zhou Meizhen took the action of poisoning the 10th Panchen Lama directly.
The book also reveals the crisis of the extinction of ethnic Tibetans under the CCP’s tyrannical cultural genocide policy. The book describes clearly how the 10th Panchen Lama was the spiritual leader and initiator of contemporary Tibetan Buddhist Revival, Tibetan Culture Renaissance and Tibet Revival Movements.
- Freedom in the Sunset, published in October 2004
- Lamentation of Literature, published in October 2004
- Golden Holy Mountain, published in March 2005
- Back to Desolation, published in March 2005
- Culture and Destination, published in March 2009
- Winds on the Plain, published in May 1990
- Philosophy of Heroic Personality, published in June 2004
- The Love of A Philosopher, published in September 2010
- Lead to the Top of the Sky—Crossing Himalayas, published in March 2011
- A Burning Requiem, published in July 2013
Political Philosophy Writings
- Catastrophe of Human Beings, published in September 2012
Modern Politics Writings
- The Taiwan Crisis, published in November 2009 ( in English, Japanese, French, and Chinese )
- Taiwan Grand State Strategies, published in September 2010
- Grand Spirit of Taiwan, published in September 2011
- Incarnated Taiwan, published in October 2012
- With Namloyak, Assassination of the Buddha —— The Truth about the Death of His Holiness the 10th Panchen Lama, published in October 2013